Everything You Need To Know About Cerebrum

The human brain consists of three organs that perform a variety of functions: interpretations, emotions, learning, motor control, problem-solving, and so on. The brain is protected within the skull and is composed of –

Cerebrum

It performs activities like vision and hearing, thinking, feelings, learning, and all motor control.

Cerebellum

This organ is located under the cerebrum and is responsible for coordinating muscle movement, maintain balance, and posture.

Brainstem

It is the smallest brain organ that connects the spinal cord with the cerebrum and cerebellum. Its functions include breathing, digestion, coughing, sleep cycle, and so on.

What Is The Cerebrum?

The cerebrum is the largest part of the brain and makes up about 85 percent of its weight. A large groove called the longitudinal fissure cut up the cerebrum into halves called the left cerebral hemisphere and the right cerebral hemisphere. The hemispheres are connected by bundles of nerves, the largest of which is the corpus callosum. Each hemisphere, in turn, split up into four lobes. Each lobe has the same name as the bone of the skull that lies above it. The lobes are the frontal lobe, at the front; the temporal lobe, at the lower side; the parietal lobe, in the middle, and the occipital lobe at the rear.

How would you differentiate between an apple and an orange when you go to a market? The response to this question is found in the cerebrum. It is the central part of the brain in humans as well as other animals. It gets data from your environment and afterward sends that data to the cerebrum. The cerebrum deciphers the information and chooses what must occur straightaway. To put it plainly, your cerebrum, which is around the size of a small melon, holds the directions for everything you do in daily life.

Location of Cerebrum

The cerebrum is situated in the upper cranial hole, which is a space inside the highest point of the skull. The longitudinal fissure divides the cerebrum into two hemispheres – the left and right hemispheres. It makes up the whole cerebrum. The right hemisphere function is to control the left half of the body. The left 50% of the cerebrum controls the right side of the body. They are connected by the corpus callosum, a heap of neural filaments. The corpus callosum passes messages between the two parts so they can speak with each other. If stoke happens on the left side of your brain, then your right arm or leg will be weak.

 

Left Hemisphere Right Hemisphere
Calculations Music interpretation
Controls speech Creativity
Arithmetic problem solving Spatial ability
Language Conscious thought
Logic Imagination
Reasoning Artistic
The right side of the body the left side of the body

 

Fact File

The brain stem is an essential control area of the brain and is agitated with maintaining all the essential regulatory mechanisms of the body: respiration, blood pressure, pulse rate, alertness and sleep.