What is Anxiety?

Anxiety Disorder is an emotional state and body’s natural response to stress. It reflects a feeling of tension. Anxiety can lead to distress, fear about going out, facing the audience, starting a new job. It limits you from doing activities you enjoy, and the person appears to be in stressful condition. Anxiety gets worsen over time.

Experiencing Anxiety is normal in our daily life, but people with an anxiety disorder may experience intense fear, tension and worries about the everyday situation.

What are Anxiety Attacks?

Anxiety attack is associated with the feeling of distress, worry and fear. It begins to appear slowly, but it may get worse over time in stressful situations. Symptoms may vary for the Anxiety attacks and does not happen to everyone. Few of the common symptoms include shortness of breath, fear, sweating, dizziness, etc.

What are the types of Anxiety?

Anxiety has the following types:

1 – Panic disorders:

In this condition, panic attacks have observed. Sudden attacks of intense terror characterized as panic attacks. A person with this condition faces fear for the next panic attack. These attacks may lead to nausea, dizziness, breathing difficulties, confusion, etc. Panic attacks appear rapidly after every 10 minutes, and it can last for hours.

2 – Generalized Anxiety Disorder:

General Anxiety disorder is a chronic disorder; it constitutes of long-lasting worries and panic about the situations or life events. It is the typical type of anxiety disorder, and people suffering from this type of Anxiety are unable to find out the actual cause.

3 – Phobia:

Phobia is an internal fear about any activity, object or situation. People with a phobia can trigger Anxiety at any time without having control over the situation.

4 – Social Anxiety Disorder:

A person with Social Anxiety disorder fears of being negatively judged by others in social surroundings they fear to have a public embracement. It is associated with various kind of feelings such as humiliation, rejection in public, feeling scared on the stage or fear of closeness.

Social Anxiety Disorder

5 – Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder:

Obsessive-compulsive disorder is associated with irrational thoughts. It results in performing repetitive behaviour.

6 – Separation Anxiety Disorder:

Separation Anxiety order is a condition in which the people fear being alone, the fear of being separated from the family or the loved ones.

7 – Illness Anxiety Disorder:

Illness anxiety disorder is associated with the fear of their health; they may worry about their health issues and thus leading to illness anxiety disorder.

8 – Post-traumatic stress disorder:

It is due to any traumatic event occur in their life, and they are not able to get out of the situation, thus resulting in post-traumatic stress disorder.

How to diagnose Anxiety?

For the determination of the anxiety disorder, there is no single test present. It requires a physical evaluation in which the therapist discuss the thoughts, feelings and behaviour of an individual. The doctor may also perform some urine test or blood test for determining the medical conditions. They also predict the level of Anxiety via anxiety test or scales.

What are the symptoms of Anxiety?

  • Feeling of restlessness
  • Feeling of tension
  • A panic condition
  • Hyperventilation
  • Increased heart rate
  • Sweating
  • Numbness and tingling of feet and hands
  • Nausea
  • Dizziness
  • The feeling of fear and uneasiness
  • Dryness in mouth
  • Difficulty in concentration
  • Increased irritability
Anxiety Disorder Symptoms

What is the treatment of Anxiety?

There is no specific test for Anxiety. Treatment comprises of a combination of multiple therapies which are:

  • Psychotherapy
  • Behavioural therapy
  • Medications

Psychotherapy and behavioural therapy associated with meeting a psychologist for the treatment purposes is a good option, the psychologist may help you fight with the anxiety situation by providing you with the strategies and learning tools.

Medications that help you to fight against Anxiety include antidepressants and sedatives. Drugs help in balancing brain chemistry, thus preventing anxiety disorder and minimizes the symptoms of Anxiety.

What causes Anxiety?

The precise cause of Anxiety is unknown until yet. Researchers are working to find the precise cause of Anxiety. People with traumatic incidents may be likely to develop anxiety disorders. Few of the medical conditions associated with anxiety disorders include cardiovascular diseases, diabetes, respiratory disorders or thyroid problems.

There is a range of factors that play a role in developing an anxiety disorder that includes:

  • Genetics can be a factor that causes an anxiety disorder.
  • Few environmental factors play a role in developing an anxiety disorder, such as environmental stress, family issues and relationship problems.
  • People with medical conditions like thyroid problem, cardiovascular disease, breathing issues, intensive surgery are at higher risk of anxiety disorders.
  • One of the cause can be the abnormalities in the hormones.

Dependency factors of Anxiety:

  • Traumatic events: Such an event in one’s life can develop an anxiety disorder.
  • Stress build-up: Stress build-up due to stressful situation results in triggering anxiety disorder.
  • Personality: people with specific nature are prone to anxiety disorder.
  • Blood relatives: People with a family history of anxiety disorder are at higher risk.
  • Illness Stress: Worrying about health or having a severe illness triggers an anxiety attack.
  • Alcohol or Drugs: Misuse of drugs leads to anxiety disorders.

Following measures should be taken to avoid Anxiety:

  • Regular exercise
  • Meditation
  • Deep breathing
  • Maintaining a healthy diet
  • Reduce the intake of coffee or tea
  • Follow regular sleeping patterns
  • Avoidance of drugs and alcohol

Complications associated with an anxiety disorder are as follows:

  • Depression
  • Insomnia
  • Social isolation
  • Body aches
  • Deprived lifestyle
  • Digestive issues
  • Headaches
  • Suicide


Question 1

What are the Causes of Anxiety?

Answer: Stressful conditions can cause Anxiety.

Question 2

How to prevent panic attacks?

Answer: Panic attacks can be prevented by deep breathing, focusing on the goals, relaxing the muscles, proper sleep routine, and meditation.