Definition of a medical disorder “Depression” :
Depression is typically classified as a disorder of mood and is also known as a major depressive disorder. It can be described as feelings of sadness, loss, or anger that interfere with the daily activities of a person.
When you are depressed, the road to recovery can be long and tough. It is not something from which you can snap out. Depression drains not only your energy but also your hope and the will to live. All this makes it quite difficult for anyone suffering from depression to take steps necessary to recover.
Many people experience depression in multiple ways. It may interfere with the individual’s daily work routine, causing lost time, and less productivity also impacts close relationships as well as some chronic health conditions. There are multiple health conditions which can get worse with severe depression, such as:
Depression is considered a serious medical condition, which can get worse if not treated properly on time.
Signs and Symptoms of Depression
Depression symptoms are different for every person, but there are some common signs and symptoms observed in many patients. Bear in mind that these signs and symptoms can also be part of our life due to stress and anxiety. But, if these symptoms persist, then this might result in depression.
- Excessive weight gain or less
- Loss of appetite
- Changes in sleep patterns or insomnia
- Feeling agitated and irritated
- Abusive behavior
- Unable to concentrate
- Loss of interest, particularly in daily life activities
- The feeling of sadness and hopelessness
- Musculoskeletal pains Some slowed thinking, reasoning, talking, or body developments.
- Thoughts of blaming, focusing to the past disappointments as well self-fault
- Aimless and some trouble thinking, such as to harm itself.
- Thinking of death, self-destructive thoughts, suicide endeavors.
- Unexplained some physical issues.
The symptoms, as well as the signs of depression, also vary with the age and the gender of the person.
Causes of Depression
There are multiple causes of depression. Some reasons are biological, while others are situational oriented. Here is a list of various causes that can lead to depression.
1. Having a family history of depression. There are higher chances that one can develop depression if it is hereditary.
2. If you were a victim of child abuse or trauma or lived in a stressful situation for a long time.
3. If you are jobless or having bad relations with your family, friends, or colleagues.
4. Medical conditions such as obesity, diabetes, cancer, asthma, cardiovascular diseases, etc.
5. The hereditary reasons such as less developed frontal lobe of the brain.
6. If you are using alcohol or drug abuse.
The cause of depression is often associated with other elements of an individual’s health problems too. However, in multiple cases, health care providers cannot determine the leading cause of depression.
Risks factor of Depression
There are multiple risk factors for people suffering from depression. The risk factors can be minimized with the appropriate precautionary measures.
- The sexual, physical as well as emotional abuse in the past
- The disputes or conflicts with close family members and friends can lead to depression as well
- Sleep disorders can lead you to depression
Types and forms of Depression:
The types and forms of depression, owing to the situational or biological factors such as:
- Mild and Moderate Depression Atypical depression showing only a few signs of depression.
- Major Depression The depression which shows 90% of the depression signs and symptoms.
- Atypical Depression This depression shows no signs and symptoms.
- Seasonal Affective Disorder comes only seasonally.
- Chronic Depression Is typically known as dysthymia.
- Treatment-Resistant Depression Owing to different treatments.
Complications Related To Depression:
Depression is a medical disorder that can negatively affect an individual as well as their family members. Depression quickly gets worse if it isn’t dealt with, resulting in social and medical issues that influence an individual’s life.
Complications of depression may include:
- Obesity, as well as excessive weight gain which can prompt coronary illness and diabetes
- Physical illness
- Drug abuse or alcoholic
- Uneasiness, alarm issue, or social fear
- Family clashes, relationship challenges, and work or school issues
- Social confinement
- Self-destructive emotions, suicide endeavors, or suicide
Treatment and Prevention of Depression:
There’s no definite approach to prevent depression. Nevertheless, these strategies may assist.
- Take steps to handle stress, increase resilience, and boost current self-esteem.
- Reach out to friends and relatives and especially in death occasion or crisis.
- Get therapy at the earliest indication of a problem to help prevent depression.
- The long term treatment includes walking, yoga, etc.
- Use of anti-depressive medicines.
- The lifestyle changes the ultimate remedy.
Is depression a bipolar disorder?
Answer: Yes, depression is a bipolar disorder. Hormonal imbalances may be one of the causes of Bipolar disorder.
Is depression more common in men or women?
Answer: Depression is twice as common in women as in men.
What is postpartum depression?
Answer: The symptoms of depression in women that typically occur after giving birth to a child.
What is the best way to prevent depression?
Answer: Lifestyle changes are considered the best solution to treat depression.
Who is at a higher risk of depression?
Answer: Major depression is likely to affect individuals between 45 and 65 years of age. People in their middle age are most likely to suffer from depression, but those who are very young and old may be at risk for severe depression.
Can depression cause brain damage?
Answer: Brain damage can be caused by persistent depression. It was concluded by researchers after decades of unconfirmed hypothesizing.
Can depression affect my memory?
Answer: Depression disorder can also lead to memory problems, for example, forgetting things or confusion. This condition makes it difficult for the sufferer to focus on work, other tasks, or think clearly. It can also lead to poor short-term memory in some cases.
What is the biggest trigger of depression?
Answer: Studies have shown that there is no single cause or trigger of depression. For some people, a stressful life event, for example, divorce, someone’s close death, illness, redundancy, and money worries, can be the reason. There are various causes that combine to trigger depression.