List Of Medical Abbreviations – Common Acronym in Medical Science

Medical Abbreviations

The following are some commonly used medical abbreviations in medical sciences.

Acetyl-CoA : Acetyl coenzyme-A

ACP-SH (also ACP) : Acyl carrying protein

ACTH : Adrenocorticotropic hormone

ADH : Antidiuretic hormone (Vasopressin)

ADP : Adenosine diphosphate

ALT : Alanine aminotransferase (same as G.P.T)

AMP : Adenosine monophosphate

Apo : Apolipoprotein

AST : Aspartate aminotransferase ( same as  G.O.T)

ATP : Adenosine triphosphate

cal  : Small calorie (sufficient to raise the temperature of one gram of water by one degree centigrade)

Cal : Large calorie (Kilocalorie or Kcal)

CDP : Cytidine diphosphate

CoA-SH (also CoA) : Coenzyme A

COMT : Catechol-O-methyl transferase

CTP : Cytidine triphosphate

DNA : Deoxyribonucleic acid

DOPA : Dihydroxyphenylalanine

FAD : Flavin adenine dinucleotide (oxidized form)

FADH2 : Flavin adenine dinucleotide (reduced form)

FMN : Flavin mononucleotide (oxidized form)

RANH2 : Flavin mononucleotide (reduced form)

FP : Flavoprotein (oxidized form)

FPH2 : Flavoprotein (reduced form)

GDP : Guanosine diphosphate

GOT : Glutamic oxaloacetic, transaminase (same ts AST)

GPT : Glutamic pyruvic transaminase ( same as ALT)

GTP : Guanosine triphosphate

Hb : Hemoglobin

HDL : High density lipoprotein

HMGCoA : β-Hydroxy-β-methyl-glutaryl-CoA

IDL : Intermediate density lipoprotein

IDP : Inosine diphosphate

LDL : Low density lipoprotein

ln : Natural tog = 2.303 x log to the base 10

MAO : Monoamine oxidase

mRNA : Messenger ribonucleic acid

MSH : Melanocyte stimulating hormone

NAD+ : Nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (oxidized)

NADH+H+(=NADH) Nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (reduced)

NADP+ : Nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate (oxidized)

NADPH+H+ : (=NADPH) Nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate (reduced)

NO : Nitric oxide

PG : Prostaglandin

Pi : Inorganic Phosphate

PPi : Pyrophosphate

RNA : Ribonucleic acid

rRNA : Ribosomal RNA

S : Svedberg unit

RNA : soluble ribonucleic acid (also called as transfer ribonucleic acid)

tRNA : Transfer RNA (also called soluble RNA)

UDP : Uridine diphosphate

UTP : Uridine triphosphate

VLDL : Very low density lipoprotein